EIA Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO)
The following is the July 2017 instalment of the monthly forecast provided by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
Aiming to Be Regional Hub
Malaysia is the world’s third-largest exporter of liquefied natural gas, the second-largest oil and natural gas producer in Southeast Asia, and strategically located amid important routes for seaborne energy trade.
Pushing for Capacity
Indonesia is reorienting energy production from serving primarily export markets to meeting its growing domestic consumption. Indonesia’s energy industry has faced challenges in recent years from regulatory uncertainty and inadequate investment.
The Downstream Grapevine
ZSM-5 Zeolites with Different SARs as RFCC Additives
Three ZSM-5 zeolites with different SiO2/Al2O3 ratios (SARs) of 33, 266, and 487 were characterized and examined as fluid catalytic cracking catalyst additives for residue oil cracking. The catalytic performances of the ZSM-5 additives were evaluated by ultra-stable Y-zeolite (USY)-based fluid catalytic cracking catalysts in a fixed fluid bed unit. As observed, the cracking of primary olefins was considerably inhibited by increasing the SAR of the ZSM-5 zeolite, thus avoiding substantial loss of gasoline paraffins. The use of ZSM-5 with higher SARs (266 and 487) led to an enhancement in the octane number with minimal loss of gasoline. This enhancement was mainly attributed to the moderate aromatization and isomerization reactivity of the ZSM-5 additives that mainly originated from their relatively small pores and suitable acidic properties with higher SARs.
Towards Instrument Asset Management Excellence: PP(T)SB Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
Reliability of Instrumentation in PPTSB (Petronas Penapisan Terengganu Sdn Bhd), a refinery situated on the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia is critical. A Five-Year Road-map was drawn out to provide a clear planning, scheduling and prioritisation of initiatives to provide plant instrumentation. The plan covers transmitters / initiators, control valves and shutdown valves (Final Elements), Logic Solvers, Controllers, System, Sub-System, Metering, Analysers, Hydraulic Actuated Valve Systems, Instrumented Protective Function (IPF) Management, Ex-Compliance of the electrical apparatus, etc.